A chemical compound found in cannabis and produced by the human body's endocannabinoid system that interacts with our cannabinoid receptors, helping to maintian internal balance. The most well known cannabinoids found in cannabis are THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), but many other minor cannabinoids exist, all with unique effects and properties. The effects you experience from consuming cannabis are the result of cannabinoids from your body and the plant interacting, and because everyone has a different number of endocannabinoid receptors, located in different areas of their body, the effects of consuming cannabis are different depending on the person.
CBD is the non-intoxicating, second-most-abundant cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. Different strains of cannabis can have varying levels of THC and CBD. CBD specific products can come in oils, capsules, edibles, topicals and effectively treat inflammation, anxiety, chronic pain, and seizures.
THC is the psychoactive, most prevalent cannabinoid that's found in cannabis. Those who are looking for the euphoric "high" effects seek higher THC levels. THC is responsible for the change in mind and body initiated by increased blood flow to the prefrontal cortex. The presence of THC is also known to amplify the beneficial effects of CBD.
Terpenes are the oils in the cannabis plant that gives flower it's specific aroma. Every strain has a different combination of terpenes giving it its unique scent and contributing to it's unique effects. Some primary terpenes found in cannabis are: herbal, pepper, spice, earth, citrus, floral, sweet, and pine.
SATIVA VS INDICA
Sativa and Indica refers to the species of cannabis plant from which the a certian product was derrived. Sativa strains are generally understood to be more uplifting and stimulating, while Indicas provide a more relaxed and restful experience. However, each person experiences these uniquely.
The classic cannabis nug, can be consumed in a variety of ways, and is available in many varying levels of THC (a psychoactive element to cannabis that activates when decarboxylated) and CBD (a non-intoxicating medicinal cannabinoid). This form of cannabis is most commonly consumed by smoking joints, blunts, pipes, and bongs. THC levels generally range from 10-30% depending on the strain.
Vapes are available in ready to use pens or cartridges. Vaping is an alternative to smoking often preferred due to the lack of combustion, and is a smoother option for some. Vaping is very discreet, producing smaller trails and less pungent odours compared to smoking.
EDIBLES AND BEVERAGES
Any food infused by cannabis is considered an edible. Common edibles/drinks include gummies, baked goods, chocolates, and even beverages. The edible experience of the infused THC/CBD typically lasts longer than other forms of consumption and allows consumers to avoid inhaling smoke/vapour.
The active ingredients found in cannabis, cannabinoids, are found in the trichomes of the plant. The trichomes are crystal-like outward microgrowths that cover the flower and are highly concentrated with cannabinoids and terpenes. Concentrate products isolate trichomes from the plant in a variety of ways. There are many different kinds of concentrates inludcing oils, shatter, live resin (extracted using a live plant as opposed to the other concentrates), and keif (loose trichomes sifted from grinded flower).